Professor Jongbloed demonstrates artificial heart in Paris (1951)


 
Picture: Shutterstock
 
Written by: 360.org
 

Tuesday, 26 September 2017


1951 -

Some inventions are considered ‘holy grails’. Creating an artificial heart for human beings was a holy grail according to the art of medicine. Jacob Jongbloed, a Dutch professor, demonstrated an artificial heart today in 1951 in Paris. He had constructed a machine doctors had dreamed for since the beginning of modern medicine.



Difficult surgery
Jacob Jongbloed was a physiologist, born in 1895. After his medicine study he became an aviation doctor, but in 1942 he obtained a position of physiology professor to the Utrecht University. Right after World War II he started working on his invention. An artificial heart could make difficult surgery possible, at the inside of a heart. Like an operation on a heart valve. However, the professor found it hard to get it right and experimented on dogs. He concentrated on a second important machine as well; the heart-lung machine.

First artificial heart implant
After his presentation it would still take a long time, before a permanent artificial heart was implanted in a human body. Another Dutch doctor signed up for the job. On December 1982 Willem Kolff transplanted an artificial heart into the body of American Dentist Barney Clark, who was suffering from a severe heart disease. Clark volunteered for the transplantation because he wanted to make a contribution to medicine. After surgery, the dentist lived another 112 days.



360 trivial fact
A regular woman’s heart is beating faster than a man’s heart by almost 8 beats a minute.

feedback@360.org





1944

Happy birthday Gordon Gekko!


Monday, 25 September 2017



1952

War between chicken and hamburger


Sunday, 24 September 2017



1939

Unconsciously, Freud will always be in our minds


Saturday, 23 September 2017



1964

Congratulations Fiddler on the Roof!


Friday, 22 September 2017



1958

The man who saved millions of lives


Thursday, 21 September 2017



1934 Buon compleanno Sophia Loren!


1857 Scrunching or folding?


1977 First picture of moon and earth


1787 We the people ...


2008 Once upon a time ... Lehman Brothers


1978 Outside the box


1955 Tutti Frutti, aw Rooty!


2004 And you get a car! And you get a car! And you ...


1953 Jacqueline Bouvier becomes Jackie Kennedy


1923 The international force of justice


1997 Goodbye England's rose


1980 The Gotthard tunnel opens


1882 Thomas Edison: parasite of technology


1965 The man with tiger blood


1952 Left-handed legend


1934 MGM's first animated cartoon


1997 Death of a princess


(C)opyright 360.org